Fires can happen anytime and anywhere, and they can cause significant damage to life and property. In India, fire incidents are common, and many of them could have been prevented if people had the necessary knowledge and equipment to fight fires. One such equipment is a fire extinguisher, which is an essential tool to combat fires. But, knowing how to use a fire extinguisher is just as important as having one. In this blog, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to use a fire extinguisher for fire safety in an Indian context.
Step 1: Identify the Fire Extinguisher
The first step is to identify the fire extinguisher. In India, fire extinguishers come in different types, such as water, foam, dry powder, and CO2. Each type is meant for specific types of fires, so it’s crucial to identify the type of fire extinguisher you have.
Step 2: Identify the Fire
The second step is to identify the fire. Fires can be classified into different types based on the fuel source. The most common types are Class A, B, C, D, and K fires. Class A fires involve combustible materials like wood, paper, and textiles. Class B fires involve flammable liquids like gasoline, oil, and solvents. Class C fires involve electrical equipment, while Class D fires involve combustible metals. Class K fires involve cooking oils and fats.
Step 3: Know the Fire Extinguisher’s Operation
The third step is to understand how the fire extinguisher operates. The basic operation of a fire extinguisher involves pulling the safety pin, aiming the nozzle at the base of the fire, and squeezing the handle to release the extinguishing agent. The agent should be directed at the base of the fire, where it is most effective.
Step 4: Stand at a Safe Distance
The fourth step is to stand at a safe distance from the fire. It’s important to keep a safe distance from the fire to avoid being burned or injured. A distance of at least 6 feet is recommended.
Step 5: Use the PASS Technique
The fifth step is to use the PASS technique. The PASS technique stands for Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and Sweep. Pull the safety pin to unlock the extinguisher, aim the nozzle at the base of the fire, squeeze the handle to release the agent, and sweep the agent from side to side until the fire is out.
Step 6: Call the Fire Department
The sixth step is to call the fire department. Even if you were able to put out the fire with the extinguisher, it’s still important to call the fire department. They can help ensure that the fire is completely out and prevent it from reigniting.
Knowing how to use a fire extinguisher is an essential skill that everyone should have. In India, fire incidents are common, and it’s important to be prepared to fight fires. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this blog, you can effectively use a fire extinguisher and help prevent fires from causing significant damage to life and property. Remember to always keep a safe distance from the fire and to call the fire department, even if you were able to put out the fire.